Victoria Healthy Youth Survey (V-HYS)

Project funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research


The V-HYS is a longitudinal study that followed a cohort of 662 young people across adolescence and young adulthood, ages 12 to 29. Youth were recruited from a random community sample in Victoria, British Columbia. Data were obtained biennially (6 waves; 2003-2013) with the support of successive, competitive grants from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR). This longitudinal data set includes salient indicators and predictors of young adult health in seven areas of concern, namely: 1) physical health (body mass index (BMI), sleep, blood pressure, sexually transmitted infections and injuries; 2) workplace stress and mental illness; 3) health risk behaviours (alcohol and marijuana use, seatbelt use, drinking and driving); 4) peer and romantic relationships aggression; 5) parent and peer support; 6) social determinants of health (accrued educational, occupational and economic capital) 7) and well-being (purpose in life, autonomy, quality of relationships and social supports). Over 20 peer-reviewed papers have been published using this rich dataset to date.



Papers using the V-HYS


1. Thompson, K., Stockwell, T., Leadbeater, B., & Homel, J. (2014) Associations among Different Measures of Alcohol Use across Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood. Addiction, 109, 894-903. doi: 10.1111/add.12499


2. Leadbeater, B., Thompson, K., & Gruppuso, V. (2012). Co-occurring Trajectories of Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Oppositional Defiance from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 0 (0), 1-12. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2012.694608 


3. Thompson, K., Stockwell, T., & Macdonald, S. (2012). Is there a ‘low‐risk’ drinking level for youth? The risk of acute harm as a function of quantity and frequency of drinking. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31(2), 184-193. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00378.x


4. Homel, J., Thompson, K., & Leadbeater, B. (2014). Trajectories of Marijuana Use in Youth Aged 15 to 25: Implications for Post-secondary Education Experiences. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75, 674-683.


5. Leadbeater, B., Thompson, K., & Sukhawathanakul, P. (2014). It gets better or does it? Peer victimization and internalizing problems in the transition to young adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 26 (3), 675-688. doi:10.1017/S0954579414000315


6. Thompson, K., Homel, J., & Leadbeater, B. (2015). The relationship of higher education on substance use trajectories: Variations as a function of timing of enrollment. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drug, 76, 95-105.


7. Thompson, K., Stockwell, T., Leadbeater, B., & Homel, J. (2014) The Effect of Post-secondary Education Choices on Heavy Drinking: Does Age of Enrollment Matter? Emerging Adulthood, 1-12. doi: 10.1177/2167696814561999


8. Thompson, K., Roemer, A., & Leadbeater, B (2015). Impulsive personality, parental monitoring and alcohol outcomes from adolescence through young adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 3, 320-326. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.05.005


9. Thompson, K., Leadbeater, B. & Ames, M. (2015). Reciprocal Effects of Internalizing and Oppositional Defiance Symptoms on Heavy Drinking and Alcohol-Related Harms in Young Adulthood. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 9(S1), 21–31 doi: 10.4137/SART.S33928.


10. Merrin, J., Thompson, K., & Leadbeater, B. (2018). Transitions in the Use of Multiple Substances from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 189, 147-153


11. Thompson, K., Leadbeater, B., Ames, M., & Merrin, G. J. (2018). Associations between marijuana use trajectories and educational and occupational success in young adulthood. Prevention science, 1-13.


12. Thompson, K., Merrin, G.J., Ames, M., Leadbeater, B. (2018). Trajectories of Marijuana Use in Canadian Youth from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Associations with Substance Use and Mental Health. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 50(1), 17-28.


13. Sukhawathanakul, P., Thompson, K., Brubacher, J., & Leadbeater, B. (2019). Marijuana Trajectories and Associations with Driving Risk Behaviors in Canadian Youth. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1-6.


14. Thompson, K., Wood, D., & Davis MacNevin, P. (2019). Sex differences in the impact of secondhand harm from alcohol on student mental health and university sense of belonging. Addictive Behaviors, 89, 57-64.


15. Ames, M. E., Leadbeater, B. J., Merrin, G. J., & Thompson, K. (2020). Patterns of marijuana use and physical health indicators among Canadian youth. International journal of psychology, 55(1), 1-12.


16. Homel, J., Thompson, K & Leadbeater, B. (2020). Changes in positive and negative peer influences and depressive symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Adolescence, 84, 113-122. Doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.08.009


17. Thompson, K., Holley, M., Sturgess, C., Leadbeater, B. (2021). Co-use of alcohol and cannabis: Longitudinal associations with mental health outcomes in young adulthood. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 18(7), 3652.


18. Merrin, G., Leadbeater, B., Sturgess, C., Ames, M., Thompson, K. (in press). Predictors of Early-Onset Cannabis Use in Adolescence and Risks for Substance Use Disorder Symptoms in Young Adulthood. Journal of Drug Issues